Costs & Benefits

Resources and Reports

Draft CPPW Partnership Resource Guide: Costs & Benefits of Active Design

Return on Investments in Public Health: A Summary of Groundbreaking Research Studies, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Policy Brief, October 2011

Prevention for a Healthier America: Investments in Disease Prevention Yield Significant Savings, Stronger Communities, Trust for America’s Health, July 2008
This report found that a small strategic investment in disease prevention could result in significant savings in U.S. health care costs.   TFAH concluded that an investment of $10 per person per year in proven community-based programs to increase physical activity, improve nutrition, and prevent smoking and other tobacco use could save the country more than $16 billion annually within five years.  This is a return of $5.60 for every $1.

Health Evidence Base Resource Library, Health Impact Partners
This is a searchable database of the peer-reviewed public health literature that includes important findings and references connecting the built environment and health.  The evidence base is updated annually.

Pedestrian and Bicycle Infrastructure:A National Study of Employment Impacts, by Heidi Garrett-Peltier, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Evaluating Non-Motorized Transportation Benefits and Costs, by Todd Litman, Victoria Transportation Policy Institute

Walk the Walk: How Walkability Raises Home Values in U.S. Cites, by Joe Cortright, CEO’s for Cities

The Economic Benefits of Bicycle Infrastructure Investment, by Darren Flusche, League of American Bicyclists


Quantifying the Costs and Benefits of Active Design, presentation from June 2011 Partner Call, Todd Litman, VTPI

Economic Benefits of Smart Growth, presentation slides, Smart Growth America


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